[local physicists] Colloquium Announcement 10/29/2013 (Dr. Kwang-Je Kim)

Malin, Delicia M. dmalin at odu.edu
Wed Oct 23 13:17:35 EDT 2013

Old Dominion University
Department of Physics

Fall Colloquium Series

Tuesday October 29, 2013

"The Art of Producing Bright X-Rays and Its Current Revolution"

Dr. Kwang-Je Kim
ANL & University of Chicago
After the great success of the third generation x-ray facilities employing undulators in low-emittance electron storage rings, the ring-based source is currently making another advance towards approaching the diffraction limit for x-ray wavelengths, hence improving the brightness by two orders of magnitudes and higher. Drastically higher x-ray brightness became feasible recently with the success of high-gain x-ray amplifier using the SLAC linac, in which the gain is so high that the initially incoherent undulator radiation is amplified to intense, quasi-coherent radiation known as the self-amplified spontaneous emission (SASE). It is hoped that the high intensity and the short pulse length of SASE will enable single shot imaging of complex bio-molecules before destroying them. Several high-gain x-ray FEL facilities are either in operation or under construction around the world. Vigorous R&D effort is underway towards improving the power and spectrum of high-gain x-ray amplifier. A hard FEL is also possible in oscillator configuration by employing an x-ray resonator formed by Bragg reflectors such as diamond crystals. An x-ray FEL oscillator (XFELO) will produce fully coherent, high spectral purity (meV), pico-second x-ray pulses with MHz repetition rate and storage-ring-like stability, capable 29the of solving, for example, the long standing problem of high-Tc superconductivity via IXS. An XFELO can be further stabilized by referencing its output to a narrow nuclear resonance such as 57Fe to produce x-ray spectral combs, allowing x-ray quantum optical techniques for fundamental physics and improving the length/frequency standards.

Presentation: OCNPS 200 @ 3:00 pm
Refreshments: Atrium @ 2:30 pm
More details at http://sci.odu.edu/physics/
All are Welcome!

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